ERIC Number: ED162044
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Race and Sex Effects in the Conformity Behavior of Children. Occasional Paper Number 14.
Cantor, Gordon N.
The effect of context on children's attribution of the emotional state (happy to unhappy on a 5-point scale) of various pictures of infants is examined in this paper. Three sets of pictures rated by adults as being of happy, unhappy, or ambiguous infants, were chosen and presented to 40 preschool children. Following rating use training, half of the children viewed the ten unhappy faces first, and half viewed the happy faces first. The children who had seen the unhappy faces first, rated the ambiguous faces as happy, and the other group did the opposite. This paradigm was expanded to examine conformity behavior as a function of race and gender. Three experiments were administered in (inner city) Des Moines schools, and in middle class Iowa City and Davenport, Iowa schools. Each time, the ambiguous infant faces were presented for rating in the context of the child having first been shown a picture of an older white or black boy or girl who was said to have rated the infant picture from happy to sad. It can be seen that how children will react in a conformity situation depends largely on the combination of models, bogus model ratings and infant faces to which they are asked to respond. More importantly, children are affected by race and gender of models, but they also exercise their own judgment in a conformity situation. (Author/KR)
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Conformity, Elementary School Students, Forced Choice Technique, Preschool Children, Primary Education, Racial Differences, Rating Scales, Sex Differences
Augustana College Library, Rock Island, Illinois 61201 ($1.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Augustana Coll., Rock Island, IL.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to author's restriction