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ERIC Number: ED161879
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 93
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Two Educational Programs in View of the Students' Previous Experiences.
Bell, Anita Iris
This study investigated the possibility that the effectiveness of an educational program for an individual student is dependent on his or her background. A 101-item biographical data questionnaire was administered to the parents of 43 Follow Through and 38 non-Follow Through students who had just finished the third grade. The biographical questionnaire was factor analyzed and 22 items representing five areas were used in a subgrouping analysis. The five areas were: (1) parental background and activities; (2) child's activities the previous summer; (3) home environment; (4) socioeconomic status; and (5) child's health and activities. A hierarchical grouping procedure was used to form homogeneoue groups of students on the basis of their biographical inventory profiles. The final group classification contained 76 students distributed among nine subgroups. Analysis of variance was performed on the subtests of the Metropolitan Readiness Test (MRT) to determine if there were differences in test performance among subgroups when they started first grade. Students in three subgroups had higher test performance on both MRT subtests and the total test than students in the remaining six subgroups. Another analysis of variance was performed on the subtest of the California Achievement Test (CAT) Level 2, administered at the beginning of the third grade. There were no significant differences among subgroups on either CAT subtest performance or total test performance. The complete biographical inventory is appended. (Author/CP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Project Follow Through
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (62nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March 27-31, 1978)