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ERIC Number: ED161855
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Sport in the People's Republic of China: Selected Issues.
Chu, Donald
Marxist/Maoist interpretations of sport in China differ significantly from the functional and meritocratic perspectives in the West which emphasize competition and personal reward. The latter school stresses the ability of the upwardly mobile aspirant to prove ability through competition. Individuals with talent are placed in valued positions in society. Proponents of the Marxist/Maoist school, however, view sport as traditionally a repressive vehicle that legitimizes the already stratified society. Sport need not, however, be repressive and can be consciously used to reshape society and avoid anomie; the means and methods of sport can be directed to avoid normlessness by emphasizing the cooperative spirit in sport. It is clear that the image of sport in China is crucial; it must conform to the image of cooperation rather than competition. Historical analysis of the development of sport in China shows that despite a long tradition against needless exertion, larger forces for change (from the young and from women) may have contributed to the rapid growth of sport. Sport has, in turn, been used by the Communists to resocialize the masses in the modes of thought deemed proper for a China capable of modernization and self-defense. (DS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: China
Note: Paper presented at the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Convention (Kansas City, Missouri, April 8, 1978)