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ERIC Number: ED161817
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Nineteenth Century English Homosexual Teachers: The Up Front and Back Stage Performance.
Bullough, Vern; Bullough, Bonnie
Although homosexuality was considered to be a crime in nineteenth-century England, the subculture of the school system promoted it. For example, in the early nineteenth century schoolboys of all ages were locked up in dormitories at 8:00 p.m. and no master entered the building until the next morning. No-one supervised the boys' activities during the night. In the late 1820s reforms were introduced which continued to promote homosexual practices. At this time the prefect system was established, by which older boys were appointed to exercise a moral influence and to control the younger boys' behavior. Under this system "fagging" became popular. Small boys had to carry out tasks for larger boys, and sexual services were frequently included among these tasks. Another frequent practice within the school system, flogging, may have encouraged variant sexual practices. Prefects and teachers were allowed to exercise this corporal punishment which might have encouraged sadistic impulses. A large body of literature, including diaries, indicates that homosexual practices were indeed common within the schools. It is ironic that the English legal and social community publicly denounced homosexuality, because most adult males had participated in or observed these practices when they themselves were in school. Homosexual teachers tended to keep their preferences secret because embarrassment or dismissal could result if they were publicly exposed. (AV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: England
Note: Paper presented at Seventy-Third Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, California, September 4-8, 1978)