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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
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ERIC Number: ED161815
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Using Research Methods in Elementary and Middle School Social Studies Classes.
Hoffman, Alan J.; Hoffman, Nancy Lucius
A rationale and guidelines are presented for using social science research methodologies to teach elementary school social studies. The goal of using these methodologies is to help children develop independent and self-directed thinking and problem-solving skills. The authors describe four research approaches and give examples of how each methodology can be applied in the elementary classroom. The approaches include historical, experimental, descriptive, and survey research methods. In historical research, an attempt is made to interpret and reconstruct past events. Oral history is a technique used in this approach. Students can interview grandparents or other adult relatives about the differences in lifestyles when they were the students' age. In experimental research, variables are manipulated to determine the effect of a particular treatment. Students can be divided into experimental and control groups to determine if tutoring younger students promotes a change in the experimental group's attitudes toward younger children. Techniques of descriptive research include participant observation, direct observation, indirect observation, and interviewing. Using any of these techniques, students can investigate what it is like to be a member of the school band. In survey research, the investigator attemPts to discover attitudes or opinions held by large numbers of people concerning particular issues or ideas. Using a questionnaire developed in class, students can conduct a survey of opinions about the school lunch program. (AV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Conference of the National Council for the Social Studies (Houston, Texas, November 22-25, 1978)