ERIC Number: ED161784
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Communal Parents' Perceptions of Child Rearing.
Johnson, Jerry A.
This research studied the new childrearing values and practices which are emerging among humanistic communal parents. Thirty-three parents from seven share-the-land cooperatives in northern California and southwestern Oregon were interviewed. Questions were asked about experiences related to childbirth, the nature and sources of child care provided, and child-rearing practices within various situations. A values and attitudes scale was administered to assess approval of conventional social roles, traditional family values, and contemporary child-rearing values. Part of the study focused on the roles of mother and of father, and on differences between females and males in responses to questionnaire items. The results suggest that even though these communal parents were committed to equality between the sexes and equal division of child-rearing tasks, the paternal child-rearing role was subordinate to the maternal role. Another finding was that males and females agreed that the primary socializing agent was the mother. Other important socializing agents cited by females included not only fathers, but other persons outside the parental dyad. Males, however, tended to mention only fathers. Among other findings was that mothers strongly valued the use of parental modeling and believed that parental behavior helped shape children's behavior. The fathers appeared less certain about the effectiveness of parental modeling. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California; Oregon
Note: Pages 123-124 of Appendix C may not reproduce clearly due to small type size in original document; Master's Thesis, California State University