ERIC Number: ED161265
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Assessing Attitudinal Outcomes. The Language Connection: From the Classroom to the World. ACTFL Foreign Language Education Series, Vol. 9.
Lett, John A., Jr.
Some theoretical definitions of attitudes, including various assumptions that underlie most approaches to attitude mesurement, are presented, and directions and findings of attitude research approaches to attitude measurement are the Bogardus Social Distance Scale, the semantic differential, and the Likert scale, each characterized by a particular format and a certain set of assumptions. Some methodological considerations fundamental to attitude measurement are presented. Guidelines are suggested for the selection of appropriate procedures for given purposes, the identification of specific instruments for specific research situations, and the construction of original measures for situations in which no appropriate one is available. Given current interest in the possible relationships between attitudes and foreign language achievement, and in alleged nonlinguistic outcomes of foreign language study, it seems likely that more and more attitude studies will be conducted in foreign language education. It is desirable that this research include longitudinal, quasi-experimental studies to supplement and extend the valuable correlational studies that have already been done. Caution should be exercised in the interpretation of research data, particularly with respect to the inference of casual relationships among variables. (SW)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Language Attitudes, Language Instruction, Language Research, Measurement Techniques, Research Methodology, Second Language Learning, Semantic Differential, Student Attitudes
Not Available Separately; See FL 009 656
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, New York, NY.
Identifiers: Bogardus Social Distance Scale; Likert Scale