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ERIC Number: ED161033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The "Phaedrus," Perelman, and the Groundwork for a Theory of Composition.
Woodson, Linda
Chaim Perelman, in "The New Rhetoric," discusses a paradigm for understanding how study of composition can be altered by knowledge of thought processes gained by cognitive psychologists and psycholinguists. He describes this rhetoric as "rhetorical rationalism" that recognizes a multiplicity of ways of being reasonable and recognizes that the goal of rhetoric is to "elaborate principles of being, thought, and action that are humanly reasonable." However, it is necessary to leave room for future modification, recognizing that values play an important part in decisions and introduce an arbitrary element in any decision. He creates a useful heuristic for the composition class: philosophical pairs (evoked simultaneously but not necessarily opposites) that can be used by students to determine the most effective approach to a topic. Such pairs include means/ends, multiplicity/unity, and letter/spirit; they generate a structure and a vocabulary which become an essential part of the argument. The use of these pairs in composition classes helps students suspend judgment and gives them a procedure which brings out the uniqueness of what they are writing about. (TJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Perelman (Chaim)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (29th, Denver, Colorado, March 30-April 1, 1978)