ERIC Number: ED161020
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Production Deficiency of Labeling Skills in a Prereading Letter Discrimination Task. Technical Report No. 37.
Speidel, Gisela E.; And Others
To investigate the effects of training children in a specific learning facilitation skill, a study was devised that taught the association of the sounds of letters with their visual symbols. Twenty-six kindergarten children, 75% from low income homes and 75% of part-Hawaiian origin, were paired according to their pretraining scores on a letter discrimination labeling test and then randomly assigned to two groups. One group was trained on labeling the discriminative features of letter-like symbols, while the other group received no training. On a first posttraining labeling test, the trained group performed no better than the untrained group. Furthermore, a second test, administered by the individual who had trained the experimental group, did not reflect differences in performance. Following a no-feedback review of the testing stimuli, a third test indicated a significant increase for the trained group, in comparison both to their own previous performance and to the control group's performance. The score increases reflect the hypothesis of production deficiency whereby a small child does not spontaneously use certain acquired symbolic and conceptual skills to solve cognitive problems, implying that a child may know more than test scores indicate. (Tables are included.) (MAI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kamehameha Schools, Honolulu, HI. Kamehameha Early Education Project.