ERIC Number: ED161001
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Adolescents' Understanding of Logical Connectives in a Sentence Memory Task.
Walmsley, Sean A.
To determine whether poor readers employ less efficient strategies in processing logical connectives than do good readers, 34 ninth grade students participated in a study. Half of the students were good readers and half were poor readers. An acquisition list consisting of 18 target sentences and 6 fillers was constructed. A list of 42 recognition sentences was also developed. Of these, 18 were the original target sentences and 3 were original fillers; the remaining sentences were modifications of the acquisition list. The students listened to the taped target sentences and then completed a distractor task. Following this, they heard the second list of sentences and were asked to indicate on an answer sheet whether they had heard the same sentence in the first exercise. Results suggest that both good and poor readers attend selectively to features of sentences containing logical connectives when asked to remember them. While poor readers do not appear to attend to the general sense of sentences as well as do good readers, they seem to attend equally well to the underlying logical relationships. (FL)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Grade 9, Performance Factors, Reading Comprehension, Reading Processes, Reading Research, Secondary Education, Sentence Structure, Structural Linguistics, Surface Structure, Syntax
Dr. Sean Walmsley, Department of Reading, Education B-8, University of Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (27th, New Orleans, Louisiana, December 1-3, 1977)