ERIC Number: ED160734
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Uses and Abuses of Evaluation in Continuing Education Programs: On the Frequent Futility of Formative, Summative, and Justificative Evaluation.
Misanchuk, Earl R.
Inappropriate uses in continuing education of Scriven's (1967) concepts of formative and summative evaluation are described by the author, and guidelines are presented to suggest when formative and summative evaluations are appropriate in continuing education programs. After clarifying what is meant by formative and summative evaluation, the author describes and explains the role of confirmative evaluation, an evaluation analagous to formative and summative evaluation but pertaining to programs that have been implemented for some time and are now up for review. A non-valid evaluation role, justificative evaluation, is also described and explained, and guidelines for obviating a need for that role are suggested. (Justificative evaluation is defined as an attempt to justify the design after the fact.) Finally, a list of conditional rules suggesting when to and not to use formative, summative, confirmative, and justificative evaluations is presented. (Author/BM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Confirmative Evaluation; Justificative Evaluation; Scriven (Michael)
Note: Paper presented at the Adult Education Research Conference (San Antonio, Texas, April, 1978)