ERIC Number: ED160723
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Nov-2
Reference Count: 0
"Pull Out" in Compensatory Education.
Glass, Gene V.; Smith, Mary Lee
This paper examines the research on "pull out," a method or type of school organization for remedial teaching of Title I eligible pupils. Four major issues addressed are: (1) the educational benefits of pulling students out of the daily routine to provide them with compensatory education services; (2) the impact of such action on students; (3) whether a child is better served if he remains in the classroom all day; and (4) alternatives to "pull out" available for providing compensatory assistance to educationally disadvantaged children. Other related issues examined are: the prevalence of "pull out" programs, the benefits and/or losses resulting from "pull out" programs, teacher contact with and attitudes toward pulled out pupils, financial costs of "pull out" programs, and the potential contribution of "pull out" programs to cultural separatism, racial segregation, or even racism. It is concluded that despite the near universality of pulling Title I eligible pupils out of regular classrooms for compensatory instruction, the procedure has neither academic nor social benefits, may be detrimental, and is used mostly to satisfy Title I regulations. Alternatives to "pull out" are recommended. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC. Office of the Commissioner of Education.
Authoring Institution: Colorado Univ., Boulder. Lab. of Educational Research.
Identifiers: Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I; Pull Out Method