ERIC Number: ED160682
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Desegregation and Black Achievement.
Crain, Robert L.; Mahard, Rita E.
A majority of seventy-three studies dealing with the effect of desegregation on black achievement conclude that desegregation has a beneficial effect on black achievement scores. These findings are in agreement with various national surveys that have found black achievement higher in predominantly white schools. However, a number of desegregation studies have not found higher black test scores after desegregation. This may be accounted for by the following: (1) weaker studies are less likely to find positive desegregation effects; and (2) certain kinds of desegregation plans are less likely to have positive effects than are others. A comparison of the 73 studies does lead to the important conclusion that desegregation is more likely to have a positive impact on black test scores if it begins in the earliest grades, and effects are especially likely to be positive for first graders. Another finding suggested by the studies reviewed is that voluntary desegregation plans are less likely to yield results than are mandatory plans. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Duke Univ., Durham, NC. Inst. of Policy Sciences and Public Affairs.
Note: Working Paper presented to the National Review Panel on School Desegregation Research