ERIC Number: ED160543
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Utilisation of Teacher Aids in Some European Countries and the United States. Teacher Tasks in Innovative Schools, Vol. III.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
The document comprises two articles which examine the use of teacher aides and paraprofessional personnel in schools in Western Europe and the United States. The first article is presented in four chapters. Chapter I presents a rationale for using teacher aids in schools in northwestern Europe. Teacher aides are favored because they counteract teacher shortages, relieve teachers of house keeping chores, and offer individual attention to students. Chapter II describes pilot projects using teacher assistants in Germany, Norway, Sweden, and Scotland. Chapter III offers case studies of three primary schools in England and describes guidelines for training teacher aides in England and Wales. Chapter IV reviews problems and advantages of using paraprofessional school personnel. The second article explores use of educational paraprofessionals in schools in the United States. Topics discussed include historical background; present situation; activities of paraprofessionals; recruitment, employment, and training; pupil learning in situations where teacher aids are used; teacher-paraprofessional interaction; career opportunities; and issues related to employment of paraprofessionals in schools. (DB)
Descriptors: Career Ladders, Case Studies, Classroom Techniques, Comparative Education, Differentiated Staffs, Educational Environment, Educational History, Educational Innovation, Educational Needs, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Individualized Instruction, Paraprofessional School Personnel, School Aides, Staff Development, Teacher Aides, Teacher Attitudes, Teachers, Teaching Methods, Training
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
Identifiers: Europe (West); United States
Note: For related documents, see SO 011 237-238; Pages 86-88 may not reproduce clearly in hard copy due to varied ink density in original document