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ERIC Number: ED160540
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep-3
Pages: 47
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Women's Rights, Courts and Congress: Conflict over Pregnancy Disability Compensation Policies.
Greenwald, Carol Schiro
This paper discusses pregnancy disability compensation policies. On December 7, 1976, the Supreme Court held in "General Electric v. Gilbert" that exclusion of pregnancy and pregnancy related disabilities from coverage under an otherwise comprehensive temporary disabilities plan was not a violation of Title VII's prohibition of discrimination "against any individual with respect to his compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment because of...race, color, religion, sex, or national origin." On March 15, 1977 Senator Harrison Williams introduced a bill S.995 "to make clear that the prohibitions against sex in Title VII also encompass and forbid discrimination based on pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions." As of August 1978, the bill had not yet been passed. The issue of pregnancy disability compensation as dealt with by the Burger Court and the 95th Congress provides a clear case study of the way in which a complex issue has been molded differently by two institutional processes each with its own norms, rules, and procedures. This Paper looks at the kinds of information offered the Burger Court and the legislators of the 97th Congress by outside interests and the way the decision makers used this information to develop policies regarding pregnancy disability compensation. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Congressional Bills; General Electric v Gilbert
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (New York, New York, August 31-September 3, 1978)