ERIC Number: ED160479
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Changes in the Transition to Adulthood.
Winsborough, Halliman H.
Research has shown that the transition period from a man's completion of school to first full-time job and first marriage has become shorter in recent years. The purpose of this paper is to explain part of the time reduction in this transitional period. Early in the twentieth century the transition took about 18 years because many men left school at very young ages. Now the transition is occurring in ten years. Between the years 1919 and 1950, the duration of the school completion process for many males dropped and age at graduation fell. During the latter half of this period and up to 1971, the military draft was operating. However, students making normal progress were deferred, thereby allowing the earliest possible graduation. The median age at first marriage dropped approximately one year between 1947 and 1969, and seems to be a result of men completing school earlier. This post-World War II change in age at school completion may be important in explaining the post-World War II baby boom. Presently, the government is considering the reintroduction of the military draft as well as periods of general public welfare service for young people. Such policies may have strong unintended demographic consequences which should be considered in relation to population and social policy. (BC)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Center for Demography and Ecology.