ERIC Number: ED160280
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug-20
Reference Count: 0
Farming and Place Population Change in Michigan, 1930-1970: An Exploratory Analysis.
Goss, Kevin F.; Rodefeld, Richard D.
Farming has undergone substantial changes in both economic and social structure in the past 40 years; these changes have affected the larger society with population changes in rural, nonmetropolitan areas. Seeking to explore the relationships between changes in farming and changes in place population for Michigan from 1930 to 1970, six variables were utilized as indicators of the changing structure of farming: farm land in crops, value of land and buildings per acre, average farm size, gross sales per farm, number of farm workers, and farm population. The commonly used dependent variable of change in the total population of nonmetropolitan counties was replaced with two variables measuring the population change of smaller places in all counties; longitudinally measured independent variables were also used. Change in farm size was found to be strongly associated with the percent of places losing population; the greater the increase in farm size form 1930 to 1970, the greater the proportion of declining places. A relatively strong association existed between changes in farm size and farm population. As farms expanded and became less numerous, both farm workers and farm families were displaced from farms and the farm population. Conceptual, operational, and statistical modifications of the study suggested that farm changes have played a more important role in population changes in smaller places than that indicated in earlier analyses using different measures and units. (Author/DS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Agricultural Experiment Station.; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Pennsylvania Agricultural Experiment Station.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Farm Size; Farming; Michigan; Nonmetropolitan Areas
Note: Revised paper for the Rural Sociological Society Meetings (San Francisco, California, August 30-September 3, 1978)