ERIC Number: ED160186
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Adoptions Without Agencies: A Study of Independent Adoptions.
Meezan, William; And Others
The purposes of this national study of independent, nonagency adoptions were: (1) to determine the experience of the parties involved (biological parents, adoptive parents, agencies, intermediaries, and law enforcement agents); (2) to identify agency policies, procedures and resources that deter agency adoptions and thus encourage independent adoptions; and (3) to identify weaknesses in state laws and regulations and their enforcement that allow abuses of the independent adoption process to continue. The study involved: (1) an analysis of adoption laws and regulations and their enforcement in all 50 states; (2) a questionnaire survey of one voluntary and one public adoption agency in each state to obtain information on their knowledge of independent adoption; and (3) an investigation of independent adoptions in 5 cities through personal interviews with adopting parents, biological mothers who relinquished children aged 2 or under, and independent adoption facilitators. Major topics focused on in the analysis included the role of adoption agencies; adoptive parents' concerns, their agency experiences, feelings about adoption and the risk involved; the experiences and concerns of the biological parents; the facilitators' involvement in the adoption field and with adoptive and biological parents; laws on adoptive placement; responses of attorneys general/district attorneys pertaining to the enforcement of state adoption laws; and policy recommendations for legal and agency changes that would reduce or eliminate the risks of independent adoptions. (CM)
Descriptors: Adoption, Agency Role, Child Welfare, Foster Family, Interviews, National Surveys, Parent Attitudes, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Questionnaires, Risk, State Legislation
Child Welfare League of America, Inc., 67 Irving Place, New York, New York 10003 ($12.50; Paper, $7.50)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Child Welfare League of America, Inc., New York, NY.
Identifiers: Adoptive Parents; Biological Parents; Independent Adoptions; State Regulation