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ERIC Number: ED159792
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Development of Public School Finance in New York State. Occasional Paper #14.
Burke, Arvid J.
Since the establishment of school districts in 1812, a number of inequalities in public school finance have emerged in New York State. These inequalities result from decentralization within the system as a whole, and large-scale centralization of New York City schools. In a decentralized system, where districts have taxing power, rich districts can provide more funds per pupil than can poor districts or even the state. Thus, when New York State has attempted to equalize among school districts, it has faced the insurmountable task of providing funds equal to those of very prosperous districts. Furthermore, the equalization formulas as constructed have pumped much state money into districts with above-average resources. Although the centralization of New York City schools into one school district did decrease the inequalities among these city schools, it also created problems. These include a sluggish, inflexible bureaucracy; a lack of responsiveness to the different needs of different segments of the city; and internal and external communication barriers. Also, it became very difficult to find a state equalization formula that would cover both a centralized five-county district with no taxing power like New York City and districts that cover only a small area and have unlimited taxing power. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New York