ERIC Number: ED159785
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Impact of Resource Cost Variations on Equality of Educational Opportunity in Georgia.
Matthews, Kenneth M.
Georgia's equalization aid program, intended to meet the varying needs of pupils around the state, does not take into account variations in resource costs between districts. This study, introduced by a review of previous research on the topic, was designed to analyze the impact of these variations in resource costs on equality of educational opportunity. The study process first measured the relative educational needs of pupils in a sample of school districts. The second step focused on differences in expenditures of these districts for resources of equivalent quality. Finally these two measures were integrated to provide indices of relative financial needs that could be compared to actual equalization aid levels received by the districts. The study revealed relatively little effect on equality of educational opportunity, despite measurable differences in costs. Eighty percent of these differences were related to beginning teacher salary rates. If the figures gathered from the sample districts adequately represent the entire state's variations in resource costs, the measure of the Georgia aid program's equity is lowered from approximately 97 percent to 94 percent, a drop of only 3 percent. Numerous graphs and tables display the data gathered in each of the budget categories sampled. (Author/PGD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Georgia State Board of Education, Atlanta.