ERIC Number: ED159674
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
The Concern for Writing. Focus 5.
Bishop, Arthur, Ed.
The decline in writing ability among students entering college can be attributed to such factors as the absence of verbal precision in television, advertising, and political language, the lack of writing practice in high school English classes, overloaded and unprepared English teachers, and the difficulties involved in evaluating student writing. In response to this problem, the Educational Testing Services (ETS) offers educators a holistic approach to scoring the essay portions of standardized tests. This scoring method, based on the belief that the overall impression in a written passage is more important than any other single grammatical aspect, requires that each essay be evaluated on a simple scale by two or three readers, making it possible for major college-level testing programs to reintroduce a writing sample. Other services offered by ETS include teaching educators to use holistic scoring, devising test exercises to assess the writing abilities of French and English speaking students in Canada, constructing multiple choice writing assessments, preparing high school and college-level skills tests, and forming a writing center that responds to the requests for assistance that fall out of the range of existing ETS programs. (MAI)
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Evaluation Criteria, Holistic Evaluation, National Competency Tests, Scoring Formulas, Standard Spoken Usage, Standardized Tests, Writing Skills, Written Language
Educational Testing Service, FOCUS Dept. RCS, Princeton, New Jersey 08541 (Free of charge)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: Basic Skills Assessment Program; College Board Achievement Tests; College Level Examination Program; Educational Testing Service