ERIC Number: ED159317
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Implications of Work Values to Job Satisfaction in the Maryland Cooperative Extension Service.
Milliken, W. James; Whaples, Gene C.
A study was done to determine if work values of the Maryland Cooperative Extension Service faculty were related to Herzberg's job satisfaction elements. The design was ex post facto, exploratory field research. Subjects included 273 extension faculty members. A mail questionnaire composed of Hughes and Flowers'"Values for Working" and an adaptation of Calloway's County Extension Agents Job Satisfaction Inventory received 93.3% responses. Analysis revealed differences in work value system orientation and job satisfaction level and a relationship between work values and job satisfaction. Work value means were as follow: existential, 30.92; sociocentric, 19.95; manipulative 15.83; conformist, 15.71; tribalistic, 10.24; and egocentric 3.30. Factor analysis of job satisfaction indicated eight factors contributing to variance: achievement, supervision, salary, reporting, responsibility, advancement, recognition, and working conditions. The highly egocentric group was significantly less satisfied with the job and two Herzberg factors: working conditions and recognition. Those higher in sociocentrism were more satisfied with the salary factor but not with the job. Males scored higher on manipulative, conformist, and tribalistic values. Females scored higher on existential and sociocentric values. Higher age and years of experience were related to conformist values and job satisfaction. Educational level and behavioral science coursework were related to sociocentric, conformist, manipulative, and existential values. (See CE 015 182 for more detailed report.) (CSS/Author)
Descriptors: Administrators, Agricultural Education, Extension Agents, Field Studies, Individual Development, Job Satisfaction, Motivation, Organizational Climate, Professional Personnel, Promotion (Occupational), Psychological Patterns, Questionnaires, Salaries, Sex Differences, Specialists, Supervisors, Values, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: County Extension Agents Job Satisfaction Inventory; Herzberg (Frederick); Values for Working
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Adult Education Research Conference (San Antonio, Texas, April 5-7, 1978); Not available in hard copy because of faint, broken type in the original; For a related document see CE 015 182