ERIC Number: ED159085
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Measures of Leisure, Equality and Welfare.
Recently, there has been growing criticism of the usefulness of the conventional measures of gross national product (GNP) to reflect the growth of economic welfare. It is argued that GNP fails to allow for certain measures of economic welfare. The object of this study is to examine how much difference would be made to the relative growth rates of countries if estimates were made for the most important of these items, namely leisure and income distribution. The estimates of measurable economic welfare incorporating the adjustment for changes in leisure were made for 13 developed nations for the period 1950-52 to 1971-73 using the Nordhaus/Tobin method and the Usher method of measuring economic welfare while allowing for changes in leisure. The estimates on income distribution were confined to fewer countries and to shorter time periods. It was found that allowance for income distribution has a negligible impact on measured growth rates and that countries that had relatively high growth rates measured in terms of conventional GNP also had relatively high growth rates in terms of economic welfare adjusted for changes in leisure. The results indicate that GNP is still a reasonably good indicator of relative growth rates of economic welfare. (Author/JK)
Descriptors: Developed Nations, Economic Development, Economic Factors, Economic Progress, Economic Research, Economic Status, Economics, Foreign Countries, Income, Leisure Time, Productivity, Quality of Life, Recreational Activities, Social Indicators, Social Welfare, Welfare
OECD Publications Center, Suite 1207, 1750 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006 ($3.50, paper cover)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
Identifiers: Gross National Product
Note: Not available in hard copy from EDRS due to small type size of original document; Table 2.2 may not reproduce clearly due to poor ink density