ERIC Number: ED158911
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Poverty in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas: Historical and Contemporary Dimensions.
Miller, Michael V.; Maril, Robert Lee
Relative to other urbanized areas, the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas consistently ranks at the bottom in regard to almost every objective indicator of socioeconomic welfare: per capita income, educational attainment, employment, and health and housing conditions. The 1970 census discovered that approximately one-half of its population, comprised primarily of Mexican Americans, fell below government designated poverty thresholds. Based on a multidimensional approach, including assessment of the region and population in dynamic and longitudinal terms rather than as static entities, this paper provides a broad overview of the region's poverty through the synthesis of existing literature and data. The paper provides a brief sketch of the Valley; addresses the nature and extent of real poverty (the poverty status accorded on the basis of income below government established criteria) in the region by reference to data on income, education, employment, housing and health; addresses the question of regulated poverty (the differential distribution of real poverty across ethnic or racial groups) via a historical discussion of the region as an ethnically stratified social system; and, stimulated by the relative poverty concept (calls attention to cultural definitions and individual subjective evaluations of poverty status), establishes the hypothesis that the region may be sociologically approached as a "staging area", characterized by five on-going and interrelated mobility patterns. (NQ)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Area Studies, Cultural Influences, Disadvantaged Environment, Economic Factors, Economic Research, Economics, Employment Patterns, Low Income Counties, Mexican Americans, Migration Patterns, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Quality of Life, Regional Characteristics, Residential Patterns, Social Indicators, Socioeconomic Influences, State of the Art Reviews
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.
Identifiers: Rio Grande Valley; Texas
Note: Paper presented at the annual meetings of the Rural Sociological Society (San Francisco, California, August, 1978)