ERIC Number: ED158898
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Education and Work in Rural America: Some Observations and Comments.
Cosby, Arthur G.; And Others
The rural population constitutes a large segment of the total population. Using 1970 census estimates, the total rural population was over 53.8 million people. Of these, 46.4% was less than 25 years of age. Of these 25 million rural youth, about 10.5 million were located in the South and 7.4 million in the North-Central Region. The Northeast and West had substantially smaller proportions. There were 2.3 million Black, 700,000 Spanish heritage, and 300,000 Native American rural youth; the rest were classified as white. Yet substantial numbers of rural Americans suffer from problems of opportunity, achievement, attainment, services and stereotyping. Since the rural economy generally centers around agricultural production and services which support such production, the rural occupation structure is relatively undifferentiated as to types of occupation. Therefore, agricultural education has been expanded to include a wide range of agricultural nonproduction occupations--many of which have as their residential locus the city rather than the farm. Highlighting some issues considered critical to the understanding of education and work in contemporary Rural America, this paper overviews the demography of rural youth with comments on the implication of ethnic, racial, and regional variation; speculates on the growth of higher education in agriculture and the urbanization of the occupational structure of agriculture; discusses the lack of research on racial desegregation of rural schools; and presents some new data on the recent growth of private school enrollment. (NQ)
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Agricultural Occupations, Black Youth, Demography, Educational Change, Employment Opportunities, Ethnic Distribution, Literature Reviews, Minority Groups, Occupational Clusters, Private Schools, Regional Characteristics, Rural Education, Rural Youth, School Desegregation, Stereotypes, Urbanization, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 1978)