ERIC Number: ED158866
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Learning-Teaching Interactions Among Polynesian-Hawaiian Children in a School Context: Rationale, Method, and Preliminary Results. Technical Report #67.
Tharp, Cathie Jordan
This paper reports research on interactional patterns associated with teaching and learning among Polynesian-Hawaiian children. Earlier ethnographic studies indicate that Hawaiian people may employ sets of learning and teaching behaviors which differ widely from those usually used in public schools. Comparison of videotaped mother and child interactions of both Hawaiians and Midwesterners showed that Hawaiian mothers used fewer verbal directions than did Midwestern mothers, although interaction rates were the same in both groups. Children of Hawaiian mothers who were high in verbal direction were more advanced in school at the end of the first grade than were children of Hawaiian mothers who were low in verbal direction. Observation of Hawaiian child-child classroom interactions has resulted in the identification of information-seeking, help-seeking, and teaching patterns. Interaction of Hawaiian children is built on mutual involvement in the accomplishment of specific tasks. The rule-statements and verbal directions pervasively used by teachers in public schools are notably absent from Hawaiian child-child interactions. Further research into child-child teaching and learning is planned. (RH)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Demonstration Programs, Early Childhood Education, Educational Improvement, Experimental Teaching, Group Norms, Hawaiians, Interaction, Intermode Differences, Interpersonal Competence, Learning Processes, Observational Learning, Peer Relationship, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California Univ., Los Angeles. Mental Retardation Research Center.; Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu.
Authoring Institution: Kamehameha Schools, Honolulu, HI. Kamehameha Early Education Project.
Identifiers: Hawaii; Kamehameha Early Education Program
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association (Washington, D.C., November 17-21, 1976); For related documents, see PS 009 533-568 and PS 009 570-573