ERIC Number: ED158207
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Children's Retention of Topical and Factual Information Following Oral Report Activities.
Glynn, Shawn M.; Hartzell, Linda D.
This experiment was designed to determine how oral report activities, following exposure to an informative message, can influence children's retention of topical and factual information from the message. The message was a prose passage about modes of transportation. Second grade students (N=51) were subjects. A third of the children presented oral reports on the contents of the message (speaker condition); a third listened to the reports (listener condition); and a third functioned as controls. Retention was assessed one and three days later. As predicted, speakers' free recall of topical information and cued recall of factual information exceeded that of listeners and controls. The production of related new topics during free recall tended to increase over the retention interval. The results support the notion that covert editing activities, stimulated by the active, overt reconstruction of stored information, lead to the formation of a highly efficient retrieval system. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southeastern Psychological Association (24th, Atlanta, Georgia, March 15-18, 1978)