ERIC Number: ED158150
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Toward the Identification of Styles of Formal Reasoning.
Frey, Susan; Bart, William M.
A method of examining individual variation in responses to Inhelder-Piaget formal reasoning tasks is proposed as a means of identifying cognitive style components of formal reason and as a means of generating more complete descriptions of observable manifestations of formal reasoning. The method is one used by human ethologists and consists of four parts: (1) noninferential observation of both subject and examiner behavior during task administration; (2) formulation of unambiguous, explicit behavioral units to be compiled eventually into a dictionary or ethogram of subject and examiner behavior; (3) observing and recording subject and examiner behavior using lists of behavioral units; and (4) analyzing observational data in order to determine frequencies and sequences of the listed behaviors. Drawing upon some preliminary results obtained by carrying out steps one and two of this method, the authors discuss some observable elements of formal reasoning task responses which seem to be related to cognitive style. They suggest that these and other salient behaviors be observed and recorded carefully for a wide variety of subjects in order to enrich our knowledge of formal reasoning performance and its relationship to factors such as cognitive style. (Author)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Inhelder (Baerbel); Piaget (Jean)
Note: References and appendices are of marginal legibility; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Ontario, CANADA, March, 1978)