ERIC Number: ED157979
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Baseline Data on Mid-Career Change and Reentry for Black Women.
Cossey, Beatrice Abel; Toney, Glen O.
The purpose of this descriptive study was to gather baseline data on the employment picture of black women who are currently employed or have reentered a training educational program involving direct job opportunities. The study sample was selected from the rolls of nine black professional women's organizations in the state of California, and from a list of black participants in women's reentry programs in seven colleges. Two questionnaires were developed, one directed toward the members of the black professional women's organizations and the other toward the women in the reentry program. Results indicate that many more black women are becoming career oriented, but they are starting from the bottom of the scale, earning less than white men, white women, and black men. In addition, there is little understanding of the problems of black females by administrators or counselors. Other findings of the study include: (1) child care was not a major concern for either of the two groups studied; (2) a significant number of black professional women were considered low achievers prior to returning to college; (3) a majority of the women were receiving psychological reinforcement from husband or male friend; (4) college administrators and faculty members appeared to be sexist and racist toward reentry women; (5) peers and black faculty provided the greatest resources for reentry women, while counselors and white faculty provided the fewest resources; and (6) tutorial programs provided few resources for reentry women. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Blacks, Career Change, Educational Programs, Employed Women, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Females, Higher Education, Occupational Mobility, Professional Occupations, Reentry Students, Surveys
Not available separately; See UD 018 455
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Educational Equity Group. Women's Research Div.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related documents see UD 018 393, UD 018 516-519, and UD 018 521-524