ERIC Number: ED157929
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Measuring Sexist Attitudes in a Situational Context. Research Report #16-77.
Shueman, Sharon A.; Sedlacek, William E.
Two forms of the Situational Attitude Scale Women-4 (SASW-4), a 49-item inventory designed to measure attitudes toward sex roles, were administered to college students to investigate the psychometric properties of the instrument. Both forms of the SASW-4 presented seven personal and social situations, but differed in the sex of the individuals described in the items. Responses were made on five-point semantic differential scales and test items are appended. Spence and Helmreich's Attitudes Toward Women Scale (AWS), a 55-item inventory concerning women's social, educational, and vocational roles, was also administered. Concurrent validity was established from the correlation of SASW-4 and AWS scores. Two way analyses of variance (form by sex) were performed on SASW-4 total score and individual item responses. Forty-one of the 49 items on the SASW-4 yielded significant differences between forms, and 28 yielded significant interaction effects. Men scored significantly higher on the form in which individuals behaved in traditional ways, while women scored more positively in situations in which individuals exhibited non-traditional behaviors. When subjects were combined, the response to the traditional behavior forms of the SASW-4 was significantly more positive than to the non-traditional form. Potential uses for the instrument are briefly discussed. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.
Identifiers: Attitudes Toward Women Scale; Situational Attitude Scale for Women