ERIC Number: ED157925
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Gender Balance Analysis of the Metropolitan Achievement Tests, 1978 Edition.
Jensen, Marjane; Beck, Michael D.
The 1978 edition of the Metropolitan Achievement Tests was analyzed for sex stereotyping and for the use of male, female, or neuter references and a comparison was made with the 1970 edition. There was less bias in the new edition, and there was relatively little sex stereotyping with respect to occupations, activities, and roles for females. There was, however some sex stereotyping with respect to the display of emotions. The index of sex bias used was the ratio of male nouns and pronouns to female, with a correction for repeated references to the same person. A similar index computed the ratio of neutral personal nouns and pronouns to gender-specific words. Illustrations were coded similarly for gender ratios and also analyzed for the comparative stature of males and females. The possible effects of sex bias and sex stereotyping in test content on test performance are yet to be determined; test developers have assumed that an even balance of male and female references would minimize test bias. The 1978 edition of the MAT is more balanced than the 1970 edition, and generally presents a less stereotyped portrayal of both sexes. (CTM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Metropolitan Achievement Tests 1978
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March, 1978)