ERIC Number: ED157853
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug-21
Reference Count: 0
China since Mao: Report of a Study Tour, July 8-28, 1978.
A report is given of a trip to the Peoples' Republic of China. In July 1978, 22 educators and social workers traveled to five cities in China to observe how mass-line democratic centralism produces grass-roots peer pressure for carrying out Communist party policy. "Mass line" is the overall policy direction on how to re-order Chinese society. "Democratic centralism" involves internalizing the mass line at the grass roots level and involving all citizens in political activity. In Peking, the group visited Peking University, the University library, and a May 7 cadre school. The university is presently enforcing a more strict admission policy than had been in effect under the Gang of Four's leadership. May 7 cadre schools are work and study retreats, mainly for bureaucrats, which combine physical labor with study of Marxism. In Yenan, the group visited the museum which commemorates Mao's battles against the Japanese and the Chinese Nationalists. The group also observed how an urban, communal neighborhood center is organized, relates politically to the national government, and transmits the mass line. In addition, the group visited the Great Wall, Mao's mausoleum, the Chin tomb, containing 8,000 life-size statues, and the Shensi Provincial Museum, which was originally a Confucian temple. The author concludes that the controlled involvement of each Chinese citizen in production and government is for them an acceptable and secure alternative to previous suffering and starvation. (AV)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: West Virginia Univ., Morgantown.