ERIC Number: ED157805
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Ebony Patriots: Participation of Blacks in the Battles of the American Revolution in the New York City Area, 1776-1779.
New York City Bicentennial Corp., NY.
Exploits of 20 black men, slave and free, who fought in battles of the American Revolution in New York state are recounted. At the beginning of the Revolutionary War, colonies did not allow slaves or free blacks to join the Continental Army. Only after the British Army offered freedom to slaves who joined the royal ranks did the Continental Army accept black men as soldiers. Among the 20 whose stories are told in this pamphlet were Samuel Sutphin from N.J., Timothy Prince from Vermont, and Julius Cezar from New York. Accounts are given of the black soldiers' participation in three battles; the battle for Long Island and New York City in 1776, the fight for White Plains in 1776, and the assault on Stony Point in 1779. During these campaigns, black soldiers served as militiamen, guides, teamsters, and spies. After the Revolution was over, many black soldiers experienced difficulties in obtaining the freedom they had been promised for military service. Others were not granted their pensions until 30 years or more had passed. A concluding chapter briefly describes black participation in American military activities from the French and Indian War through the Vietnam War. (Author/AV)
Descriptors: Black History, Black Influences, Blacks, Colonial History (United States), Instructional Materials, Military Personnel, Participation, Reading Materials, Revolutionary War (United States), Secondary Education, Slavery, State History, Supplementary Reading Materials, United States History
Institute of Afro-American Affairs, New York University, 70 Washington Square South, New York, New York 10012 (free)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New York Univ., NY. Inst. of Afro-American Affairs.; New York State American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, Albany.
Authoring Institution: New York City Bicentennial Corp., NY.
Identifiers: New York (New York)
Note: Figures 2-7 may not reproduce clearly in hard copy due to poor reproducibility of original document ; Also sponsored by the Office of the President of the New York City Council and The National American Studies Faculty