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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED157610
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jun
Pages: 59
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Attachment: A Study of a Child's Attachment to the Teacher as an Outgrowth of Her/His Attachment to the Mother.
Houston, Ann Jespersen
This paper reviews the literature on attachment, presents a study of child-teacher attachment, and discusses child-teacher attachment as a secondary relationship influenced by the prototype bonding between mother and child. The literature review traces the development of psychoanalytic thought regarding the mother-child relationship and examines the function and development of attachment behaviors. The role and biases of the mother and child in initiating, maintaining, and securing attachment are described, and the related development of intentionality in the child is briefly discussed. In the study reported, two boys and two girls ranging in age from 3 to 5 years were observed interacting with their preschool teachers. An instrument developed for this study was used to observe attachment behaviors between children and teachers. Results were interpreted as showing that the children initiated attachment by many different types of behavior, the most dominant indices being talking with the teacher, initiating a conversation, asking a question or requesting help, allowing self to be touched or held, touching, making eye contact, and smiling. In order for these forms of attachment behavior to be directed towards the attachment figure, the children oriented themselves toward the teacher by smiling or using eye contact, and maintained proximity through touch and/or vocalization. The final section of the paper discusses the significance of the infant's first use of each mode of expression as an archetype for attachment behavior in later years. (JMB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A