ERIC Number: ED157396
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Language in African Education: A Comparative Analysis of the Curricular Elements of School Texts. Occasional Paper No. 2.
A study of the relationship between the language medium and the content of education is summarized. Language and curricular contents of English and Igbo language texts used in Nigerian primary schools between 1957 and 1976 are examined according to fifteen categories. Research is reviewed which supports the hypothesis that a change from English to an African language as the medium of education will also involve a change in the content of education. Of the English texts, 95.5% were written by Europeans; all the Igbo texts were written by Africans. The subject matter of the Igbo texts shows a strong, supportive and mutual relationship between home and school. The English texts contain unfamiliar allusions; they portray the family as unhappy, and the village as sparsely populated and inhabited by the poor and illiterate. Differences also existed in the presentation of the concept of education, the city, the nation, ethnicity, art and culture, and moral virtues. Specific differences and similarities in presentation of the child as an individual, the family, the school, the village, the city, the nation and the world are discussed. It is concluded that a change from English to native language texts necessarily involves a change in content. A number of positive recommendations for developing native language primary education materials are given. (AMH)
Descriptors: African Languages, Child Role, Content Analysis, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Cultural Images, Cultural Traits, Elementary Education, Elementary School Curriculum, Ethnicity, Family Life, Family School Relationship, Igbo, Instructional Materials, Language Instruction, Language of Instruction, Material Development, Social Attitudes, Social Values, Sociocultural Patterns, Sociolinguistics, Textbook Bias, Textbook Content, Textbook Evaluation, Textbook Research, Textbook Selection, Textbooks, Uncommonly Taught Languages, Values
Comparative Education Center, Faculty of Educational Studies, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 ($3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Buffalo. Faculty of Educational Studies.