ERIC Number: ED156974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Leadership Instructions and Sex-Pairing Upon the Evolution of Self-Disclosure Dyads.
Yager, Geoffrey G.; Brucksch, William F.
The development of self-disclosure within an acquaintance exercise was examined. A sample of 80 subjects was assigned to same-sex or mixed-sex dyads. In half of the dyads, one member was asked, through a short statement in the written instructions, to encourage maximal disclosure in his/her partner. Dyad partners took turns discussing self-selected topics from a 72-item list of intimacy-rated choices. The resulting design allowed for testing the effects of sex-pairing, leader instructions, and subject sex on the intimacy of disclosure and the extent of reciprocity. Sex-pairing had no effect upon any measures. Leader instruction dyads showed significant linear and cubic trends in increasing intimacy over time, while the non-leader instruction dyads showed no temporal trends. Male subjects tended to disclose at levels somewhat higher than females. Generally, subject reciprocity was found unrelated to experimental factors, although one significant interaction between subject sex and leader condition is discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Disclosure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March, 1978)