ERIC Number: ED156914
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr-17
Reference Count: 0
The Challenge of Youth Employment in Urban Areas.
Over 3,000,000 youths aged 16-24 fall into the category of unemployed or persons who are discouraged and no longer actively seeking work. This number accounts for more than half of the unemployment in the U.S. and represents a personal tragedy for the youths as well as a considerable loss of productivity for society while adding a drain on its resources. Although the problem is widespread throughout the country, it is greatest in urban areas and affects blacks at a higher rate than whites. Youths suffer from such severe joblessness because (1) they are new entrants to the labor market and lack experience and seniority; (2) their proportion in the total population has risen since the late 1950's; (3) they lack adequate training and job skills; (4) they encounter discrimination against their age and, if non-white, against their race as well; (5) the work they often can obtain is the lowest on the job scale; and (6) the increase in the minimum wage adversely affects their employment. To alleviate this situation, Congress enacted the Youth Employment and Training Act in 1977 as an amendment to the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA). The role of vocational education was not considered in this legislative action and needs to be defined. (Statistical tables are included in both the text and appendix.) (ELG)
Descriptors: Demography, Economic Factors, Educational Needs, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Problems, Employment Statistics, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Labor Market, Labor Turnover, Labor Utilization, Minimum Wage, Racial Differences, Rural Urban Differences, Unemployment, Urban Youth, Vocational Education, Work Experience, Youth Employment, Youth Problems
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Identifiers: United States
Note: Paper presented at the 1978 National Leadership Conference for Administrators of Vocational Education in Large Cities (Columbus, Ohio, April 16-20, 1978); Some tables in this document may not reproduce well due to small print