ERIC Number: ED156791
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Minority Education and Caste: The American System in Cross-Cultural Perspective.
Ogbu, John U.
This study examines the way in which the position of blacks in the American system of caste or racial stratification contributes to their lower school performance. It explores the myths and stereotypes that support the caste system and shows how they are translated into practices by school personnel. It probes into the responses of the minority group people themselves. To these ends, the functions of caste and education in the United States are examined. Current explanations of black-white differences in school performance are reviewed. Reforms intended to close the school performance gap are examined. Black access to education is discussed. The job ceiling and other barriers to the rewards of education are explained. Black school performance is described as an adaptation to the system. An overview of America's other minorities is given. Caste systems of other societies are discussed. These include the West Indians in Britain, the Maoris in New Zealand, the scheduled castes in India, the Buraku outcasts in Japan, and the Oriental Jews in Israel. The education of castelike minorities in these six societies is compared. Ways of eliminating caste barriers and thus closing the gap in school performance are examined. (Author/MC)
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Access to Education, Black Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Opportunities, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Opportunities, Failure, Higher Education, Minority Groups, Racial Discrimination, Social Stratification, Socioeconomic Status
Academic Press Inc., 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10003 ($19.50)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Great Britain; India; Israel; Japan; New Zealand; United States