ERIC Number: ED156712
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Personality Correlates of Cognitive Problem Solving.
Insua, Ana Maria; Rimoldi, Horacio J. A.
College students were presented with a series of four problems, each presented in four different formats: verbally, in abstract symbols, in negative abstract symbols, and in geometric figures. Problem-solving performance was evaluated in terms of the sequence of questions that a subject asks in order to solve a problem. They were also tested by the Holtzman Inkblot Technique, the California Psychological Inventory, and the Rokeach Dogmatism Scale. The data for the 161 students were analyzed into nine factors by the principal axis method and graphically rotated to an oblique structure. Subjects were classified in three groups (high, medium, and low) on each factor; and the groups were compared for their success in problem solving. Three personality factors appeared to be related to problem solving: a factor related to body image; an ability to define good forms; and a well balanced emotional life exhibiting control of hostility and of anxiety. The language used to present the problems was also discussed. (Author/CTM)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Body Image, College Students, Emotional Adjustment, Factor Analysis, Higher Education, Hostility, Individual Characteristics, Maturity (Individuals), Nonverbal Ability, Objective Tests, Oblique Rotation, Performance Factors, Personality, Personality Assessment, Problem Solving, Projective Measures, Stimuli
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California Psychological Inventory; Dogmatism Scale (Rokeach); Holtzman Inkblot Technique
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Council of Psychologists (34th, Paris, France, July 17-21, 1976)