ERIC Number: ED156333
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Fertility and Child Mortality: Issues in the Demographic Transition of a Migrant Population.
This paper reviews issues pertaining to the relationship between child mortality and fertility and examines the fertility-mortality relationship of women who emigrated to Israel from various countries in Asia, Africa, and Europe and continued child bearing in Israel. Data from the 1961 Israel census of population is used. Among issues addressed in a discussion of the relationship between child mortality and fertility are replacement (the attempt to replace the deceased child through a new pregnancy) versus hoarding (the attempt to increase the number of offspring in response to expected mortality rates), and the degree to which child mortality affects the desired number of surviving children. Following this, cross-sectional regressions of fertility in Israel are studied as a function of fertility and mortality abroad, education and age variables. Regressions are run by separate countries of origin and pooled for Asia, Africa and Europe. Later sections use the same data to infer the temporate aggregate movements (changes that had occurred in country of birth and changes associated with immigration) in fertility and child mortality, and try to fit this together with the cross section findings. Combined results indicate a discrepancy between the cross-section and time series relationship between fertility and mortality, since an increase in fertility following immigrations, as well as a rising fertility of Moslems over time, is found. It is suggested that factors that determine child mortality and those that determine prenatal death or involuntary sterility are correlated with one another more closely in the time than in the cross section series. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Note: Paper presented at the Universities-National Bureau Conference on Population and Economic Change in Less Development Countries (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 1976)