ERIC Number: ED137214
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Philosophy in the Classroom.
Lipman, Matthew; And Others
This handbook for educators and parents discusses the need to include philosophy in the elementary classroom. The authors point out that as a question-raising discipline, philosophy is appropriate to guide children's natural inquisitiveness through the educational process. It encourages intellectual resourcefulness and flexibility which can enable children and teachers alike to cope with the disconnectedness and fragmentization of existing curricula. It can help develop sound reasoning and ethics. The first six chapters discuss reasons for including philosophy in the curriculum, aims and objectives of the philosophy for children program, and methods of teaching and guiding philosophical discussions. The point is made that children frequently are not satisfied with simplified answers to their questions, and that their minds should be trained at an early, receptive age to consider metaphysical, moral, and logical issues. Chapter seven presents an argument for the use of formal and nonformal logic in teaching children to think constructively and learning to make inferences and deductions on their own. In chapter eight, the authors explore the following question: can moral education be divorced from philosophical education? The interrelationship of logic and morality indicates that the answer is no. See SO 009 951 for a philosophical reader for junior high students. (Author/AV)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Child Development, Childhood Attitudes, Children, Cognitive Processes, Curriculum Development, Educational Needs, Educational Objectives, Elementary Education, Elementary School Curriculum, Ethics, Humanities, Intellectual Development, Logic, Moral Development, Philosophy, Productive Thinking, Teaching Methods
Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children, Montclair State College, Upper Montclair, New Jersey 07043 ($4.00 paperbound plus $0.50 postage)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Montclair State Coll., Upper Montclair, NJ. Inst. for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children.
Note: For related documents see ED 103 295-298 and SO 00