ERIC Number: ED079458
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Urbanization in Kenya: Urbanization Trends and Prospects; Rural Development and Urban Growth. An International Urbanization Survey Report to the Ford Foundation.
Laurenti, Luigi; Gerhart, John
Two articles on the urbanization of Kenya are presented in this survey. The first one, "Urbanization Trends and Prospects," by Luigi Laurenti, states that urbanization has only recently been recognized as a problem of some importance in Kenya, and this recognition is far from comprehensive. Consequently, public policy--and especially planning for economic and social development--has not yet faced up to dealing with urbanization at any level, be it diagnosing problems, planning solutions, providing legislative and administrative mechanisms adequate for the programs and projects needed, or making appropriate allocations of resources. Topics dealt with here are migration, urban squatters, the role of urban centers, urban development committees, the Nairobi Urban Study, urban development, growth centers, dispersal of industry, differential service needs, urban infrastructure, pollution control, the scale and pace of urbanization, and alternatives for Kenya. The second article, "Rural Development and Urban Growth," by John Gerhart, discusses the importance of rural development programs as a part of urban growth strategy. Recent evidence suggests that rural development programs represent an efficient way to create employment and build a base of purchasing power on which future growth of the modern sector depends. [For related documents in this series, see UD 013 731-013 738 and UD 013 740-013 744 for surveys of specific countries. For special studies analyzing urbanization in the Third World, see UD 013 745-UD 013 748.] (Author/SB)
Descriptors: Air Pollution, Demography, Developing Nations, Industrialization, Labor Market, National Programs, Population Distribution, Population Growth, Rural to Urban Migration, Rural Urban Differences, Slums, Urban Areas, Urban Improvement, Urban Planning, Urban Population, Urban Renewal, Urbanization
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ford Foundation, New York, NY. International Urbanization Survey.