ERIC Number: ED073197
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Socioeconomic Background and Educational Performance. The Arnold and Caroline Rose Monograph Series in Sociology.
Hauser, Robert Mason
This study is an investigation of the role of socioeconomic factors in the process of secondary education in a metropolitan community. Two questions guide the inquiry. To what degree is the influence of socioeconomic background on performance in school an adequate theory of educational performance? How much does a student's educational performance depend on which school he attends? Academic achievement, course marks, and aspirations are three educational performances which are interpreted as part of a sequential process of stratification or socioeconomic life-cycle. The cycle begins with the position of the family of origin, and unfolds through processes of childhood socialization, schooling, job-seeking, occupational achievement, and the formation and functioning of a new family of procreation. This study attempts to interpret differential educational performances among white students enrolled in the public secondary schools of Davidson County, Tennessee, in 1957. Parallel analyses were carried out for the students of each sex in the six grades from seven to twelve. The study drew upon the data files of the Nashville school survey, which contained a variety of information ascertained from group-administered questionnaires and school records. These data were supplemented by population characteristics of the school districts in 1960. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Educational Sociology, Grades (Scholastic), Occupational Aspiration, Research Methodology, Secondary Education, Social Stratification, Socialization, Socioeconomic Background, Socioeconomic Influences, Surveys, Urban Education, White Students
American Sociological Association, 1722 N St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 ($5.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Sociological Association, Washington, DC.