ERIC Number: ED066423
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Explorations in Perceived Educational Environment: Contextual Dimensions of Elementary Schooling.
Sinclair, Robert L.
Research into three major aspects of elementary school climate are reported in this paper. The first aspect concerns distinct conditions of similarity and variance among elementary schools as perceived by students. Differences between how students and teachers review schooling are investigated. Finally, the relationship between behavior of the school principal, the school staff, and educational environment is documented. Research data were collected from almost 10,000 students in 90 demographically different elementary schools. Findings resulting from an analysis of data from this sample were used to describe environmental similarities and differences. Fifty-four schools were randomly selected from a sample of all elementary schools in Massachusetts. The Elementary School Environment Survey (ESES) was administered in the remaining 36 selected schools. Student responses from these schools supplemented with perceptions from 600 teachers were also used to examine the educational environment. Results of the study indicate several specific similarities and differences among elementary schools, significant differences between students and teachers in their perceptions of educational environment, and an existing relationship between desirable educational environments and principal and teacher behavior. A 19-item bibliography is included. (Related documents are SP 005 827 and SP 005 837.) (MJM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Elementary School Environment Survey
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Assn., Chicago, April 1972