ERIC Number: ED066246
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jun-30
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Early Educational Intervention in the Lives of Disadvantaged Children. A Report of Six Follow-up Studies of Children Who Were Enrolled in the Five-Year Durham Education Improvement Program, 1965-70. Final Report.
Spaulding, Robert L.; Papageorgiou, Mary R.
In 6 follow-up studies, hypotheses and questions regarding the effects of the Durham Education Improvement Program (EIP) were investigated. Grades of graduates were examined by analysis of variance and Wilcoxon matched-pair signed-ranks tests. I. Q. distributions at exit were fitted to the test norms. Tentative measures of hypothesized "ideal" classroom behavior were developed using the "Coping Analysis Schedule for Educational Settings" (CASES) and tested for construct validity. EIP school and length of treatment effects on the 2 measures were examined by analysis of variance. Sociocultural correlates of achievement differences between schools were isolated by step-wise regression analysis. Significant findings supported the effectiveness of the experimental treatments. EIP graduates earned higher grades in 4 subject areas. The construct validity of the CASES instrument was thoroughly upheld. One of the measures of hypothesized "ideal" classroom behavior, an Overall CASES Coefficient, was found a significant predictor of academic achievement. Family size, occupational status, and family income were found to be predictors of reading and language achievement. The CASES instrument and the Overall CASES Coefficient were found useful in predicting school achievement. Classroom social behavior, produced experimentally, was found to account, significantly, for gains in reading and language skills. Implications of the findings were discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Durham Education Improvement Program, NC.
Identifiers: North Carolina; North Carolina (Durham)