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ERIC Number: ED065866
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Associative Reaction Time in Language Acquisition.
Ley, Ronald; Locascio, David
A program of experimental research has established a relationship between associative reaction time (RT--the time between the presentation of a verbal unit and the first association produced) and performance in verbal learning. Initial studies established that the RT value of verbal units used as response terms has a significant facilitative effect on performance in paired-associate learning (PAL), i.e., within levels of equated meaningfulness (M), response-term units with short-latency (LL) RT values. It was hypothesized that RT and M play different roles in the PAL process. On the basis of the notion of different roles, Ley and Locascio proposed a modification of the two-state analysis of PAL in which the response-learning stage was viewed as consisting of two processes: recognition and recall. Directed by this proposed model, Ley and Locascio designed a study in which a familiarization technique designed to strengthen the recognition response potential of verbal response units was introduced prior to a PAL task. Although the results of the research supported the hypothesis that recall of verbal units was related to making associations to the units during study, it was still unclear as to what the underlying mechanism is by which associations aid in the recall process. A number of questions still remain to be answered in the area of associations and RT. (CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
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Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of American Educational Research Association (Chicago, April 1972)