ERIC Number: ED065419
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Education in Romania: A Decade of Change.
Braham, Randolph L.
This second study of Romanian education reports important reforms that have strengthened the educational system and, moreover, provides a picture of the system at all education levels as of the 1969-70 academic year. Since Communist acquisition of power late in 1947, three major educational reforms have reflected a progressive nationalistic educational trend. The first, in 1947, aligned Romania's Western-oriented educational system with that of the Soviet Union; the second, in 1955, called for reorganization of the schools along polytechnical lines. Revealing a bolder posture toward national independence and also reflecting political aspirations and educational objectives of the regime, the third reform in the 1960's was designed to further Romania's long-range plans for industrialization and technical development and fostered change in general education, higher education, teacher education, and the vocational system. Among the achievements of this latter reform were: 1) the revitalization and modernization of higher education, and alignment of Romania's higher education with the modernization process occurring in the west; 2) extension from 8 to 10 years of free and compulsory education; 3) a rise of enrollment at all levels; and, 4) reorganization of vocational education. (SJM)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Comparative Education, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Programs, Elementary Education, Government Role, Higher Education, Preschool Education, Secondary Education, Vocational Education
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A