ERIC Number: ED065219
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Agricultural Mechanization and the Migrant in New York State.
Taylor, Howard W.
Commissioned by the New York State Center for Migrant Studies, this study examined the rate and causes of agricultural mechanization in New York State and its effect upon the economic and living conditions of migrants, as well as the possible solutions to the problems uncovered. Examined in various stages of mechanization were 3 specific areas where potatoes, snap beans, and apples are grown (Onieda, Steuben, and Clinton counties). Then, a state-wide study of agents and agencies providing alternatives to unemployment and welfare for displaced migrant workers was made. One bean broker, 14 growers, 10 crew leaders, 45 crew members, 5 officials--each representing an agency specializing in job placement and/or retraining opportunities for migrants, 6 dairymen, and 6 presently working former migrants were interviewed. Questionnaires were returned by 64 members of 3 state agencies, 46 Cooperative Extension Agents, 42 growers and businesses, and 2 presently working former migrants. The interviews and questionnaires provided the data for this study. Descriptive statistics led to the following conclusions: (1) migrant workers have been and will continue to be displaced by machines; (2) mechanization may have very positive effects on the migrant worker, forcing him into more steady, often more skilled, positions which offer better wages and the chance for a more stable family and social life; (3) displaced migrant workers prefer to continue in agriculture; (4) there are openings in full-time agricultural positions; (5) former migrant workers have found satisfying full-time jobs; and (6) former migrants have received needed on-the-job training. Included are 4 recommendations, 4 interview guides, and 4 questionnaires. (MJB)
Descriptors: Agricultural Laborers, Agricultural Machinery, Church Programs, Community Programs, Economic Factors, Living Standards, Migrant Programs, Migrants, Research, Socioeconomic Influences
New York State Migrant Center, Welles Building, State University College, Geneseo, New York 14454 ($1.00 plus postage)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Geneseo. Coll. at Geneseo. Migrant Center.
Identifiers: New York