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ERIC Number: ED065196
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Self-Reinforcement vs. External Reinforcement in Behavior Modification With Children.
Johnson, Stephen M.
Developmental Psychology, 1970, n3 p147-148
The purpose of this study was to examine self-reinforcement as an agent of behavior change with children who were deficient in desired attention behaviors. Twenty three first and second grade school children were taught through external reinforcement procedures to raise their level of attention on a simple discrimination task. Subjects in one group were then taught to manage their own reinforcement contingencies and their performance was compared with that of a group continued on external reinforcement and a group for which reinforcement was discontinued. Results showed that groups receiving reinforcement performed at higher levels than the no reinforcement group. Self-reinforcement maintained discrimination behavior at as high a level as external reinforcement with no decrement in discrimination accuracy. Some greater initial resistance to extinction was evidenced in the self-reinforcement group as compared to the other groups. No differences in generalization of attentive behavior were found. (Author)
Descriptors: Attention Span, Behavior Change, Behavior Standards, Behavioral Science Research, Classroom Observation Techniques, Comparative Analysis, Discipline Problems, Experimental Groups, Individual Development, Personality Development, Primary Education, Self Control, Self Reward, Young Children
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Institute for Juvenile Research, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: External Reinforcement
Note: Report based on a doctoral dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology, Northwestern University