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ERIC Number: ED065049
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Organizational Conduciveness of Universities as a Determinant of Student Unrest.
Smith, Ted C.
The focus of this paper is an analysis of the vulnerability of college and university organizations to student unrest. The system's structural properties and their interrelationships determine the degree of structural conduciveness to norm-oriented movements or hostile outbursts. It was found that variables relevant to structural conduciveness are all highly interrelated aspects of structural differentiation. The environment of the university is unstable with what is described as "disturbed-reactive" and "turbulent fields" qualities. Strategies of cooperation and coalescence used to cope with the environment are subtle and complex. The organizational structure of the university is highly decentralized, with tendencies in the administrative sector toward hierarchalization that are countered by departmental and academic autonomy and a new student subculture. Important factors that generate strain in American colleges and universities are: looseness of fit between norms influencing the education process and democratic equalitarian humanitarian values; separation and remoteness of policymaking bodies from their constituent groups; the encounter of social cleavages on campuses and the existence of strongly felt but ambiguous authority structure. (Author/HS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association, Portland, Oregon, April 13-15, 1972